Dentists are health care professionals who provide preventive and restorative treatments for problems that affect the mouth and teeth.
Most dentists work as self-employed practitioners in general practice, providing dental care to the public under the National Health Service (NHS) and/or privately. Others work in salaried posts within a variety of specialisms in hospital dentistry, community dentistry, the armed forces, corporate practices, industry, or university teaching and research.
A general dental practitioner (GDP) typically leads a team made up of dental care professionals (DCPs) and treats a wide range of patients, from children to the elderly.
» Typical work activities
Most dentists work in dental practices where, in addition to the dentist(s), the dental team may include a receptionist, dental nurse, dental hygienist, dental therapist and dental technician. Some practices also employ practice managers so that dentists can concentrate on clinical work.
A dentist is typically responsible for:
educating patients on oral health care;
ex*****ng teeth and diagnosing patients' dental conditions, using tools such as X-rays;
assessing treatment options and agreeing treatment plans with patients;
carrying out agreed clinical treatments, such as treating gum disease, restoring teeth affected by decay, etc.;
maintaining patients' dental records;
recruiting, training and managing staff;
managing budgets and maintaining stocks of equipment;
keeping abreast of new developments through structured continuing professional development (CPD);
marketing services to potential clients.
Hospital dentists usually treat patients who have been referred by a general dental practitioner (GDP) and therefore dental care is more specialised and complex. Additional postgraduate qualifications are required for career progression.
Dental officers working in the Community Dental Service (now known in England as the Salaried Primary Dental Care Service (SPDCS)) are employed by primary care trusts and provide dental care to adults and children with special needs and disabilities, as **ll as providing school visits.
Dentists in the armed forces hold a commissioned rank and provide a comprehensive range of dental services for armed forces personnel and their families, both in the UK and abroad.
Graphic designers produce design solutions to communicate their clients' messages with high visual impact. Graphic design solutions are required for a huge variety of products and activities, such as **bsites, advertising, books, magazines, posters, computer games, product packaging, exhibitions and displays, corporate communications and corporate identity, e.g. giving organisations a visual 'brand'.
Working to a brief agreed with the client or account manager, a graphic designer develops creative ideas and concepts, choosing the appropriate media and style to meet the client's objectives.
The work demands creative flair, up-to-date knowledge of industry software and a professional approach to time, costs and deadlines.
» Typical work activities
A graphic designer's job may involve managing more than one design brief at a time, allocating the relevant amount of time according to the value of the job. Typical work activities include:
meeting clients or account managers to discuss the business objectives and requirements of the job;
interpreting the client's business needs and developing a concept to suit their purpose;
estimating the time required to complete the work and providing quotes for clients;
developing design briefs by gathering information and data through research;
thinking creatively to produce new ideas and concepts;
using innovation to redefine a design brief within the constraints of cost and time;
presenting finalised ideas and concepts to clients or account managers;
working with a wide range of media, including photography and computer-aided design (CAD);
proofreading to produce accurate and high-quality work;
contributing ideas and design artwork to the overall brief;
demonstrating illustrative skills with rough sketches;
keeping abreast of emerging technologies in new media, particularly design programmes such as Quark Xpress, FreeHand, Illustrator, Photoshop, 3D Studio, Acrobat, Director, Dream**aver and Flash, as most graphic design work is now completed on a computer;
working as part of a team with printers, copywriters, photographers, other designers, account executives, **b developers and marketing specialists.
Whether they are self-employed, working freelance or employed within a business, designers often have to be proactive in presenting or 'pitching' their ideas and designs to prospective customers.
Hospital doctors apply medical knowledge and skills to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of illnesses. They may themselves treat the patients or they may refer them to a general practitioner (GP) or a different member of the health care professional team. Hospital doctors work in hospital wards and out-patient clinics in both the public and private sectors, working collaboratively with a wide range of other professionals, including nurses, radiologists, etc. across the health care sector. Most hospital doctors work in one of around 60 specialties, of which the most common are:
» Typical work activities
Typical activities are many and varied. Specific tasks depend on the specialty; a surgeon's daily tasks are significantly different from those of a doctor working in accident and emergency (A&E) or a general physician. Ho**ver, the following responsibilities are likely to be carried out, regardless of the doctor's specialty, on a daily or **ekly basis:
monitoring and providing general care to patients on hospital wards and in outpatient clinics;
admitting patients requiring special care, investigations and treatment;
ex*****ng and talking to patients to diagnose their medical conditions;
providing specific treatments, e.g. performing operations and inserting cardiac pacemakers;
making notes, both as a record of treatment and for referral back to GPs in the community;
liaising with other medical and non-medical staff in the hospital to ensure quality treatment;
working with other doctors as part of a team, both in the same department, and within other specialties;
promoting health education;
increasingly, undertaking managerial responsibilities such as planning the workload and staffing of the department;
teaching and research.
Clinical molecular geneticist
Clinical molecular geneticists use biochemical and molecular biology techniques to identify genetic abnormalities associated with disease. They screen individuals both before and after the appearance of symptoms.
The work falls into three main categories:
confirmation of diagnosis.
Some clinical molecular geneticists also use testing techniques to examine non-inherited conditions, such as analysing acquired changes in cancer tumours. They may also devise or develop new tests and procedures.
Most clinical molecular geneticists are based in regional genetics centres of The National Health Service (NHS) within large hospitals or in other specialist laboratories.
» Typical work activities
Typical work activities include:
establishing genotypes (the genetic make-up of individuals) and using diagnostic procedures and tests to detect genetic diseases;
using laboratory techniques, including: PCR (polymerase chain reaction) to multiply a small amount of DNA for testing; mutation detection techniques, such SSCP (single strand conformation polymorphism); denaturing HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography); southern blotting; DNA sequencing and fragment analysis, using capillary electrophoresis; and the laser detection of fluorescent dyes;
writing reports for clinicians (including family doctors, consultant neurologists and paediatricians) who have requested tests, and advising them on investigation strategies;
interpreting the results of routine tests carried out by medical technical officers (MTOs), who conduct the majority of the DNA extraction work;
developing and devising new investigation strategies, taking account of the clinical problems of genetic disease and the clinical relevance of inherited or acquired genetic abnormalities;
conducting research and development, designing new molecular genetics techniques and assays for genetic disease;
dealing with enquiries and communicating with clinical colleagues and other health care professionals (molecular geneticists do not normally have contact with patients but are acutely aware of the implications of their work);
training and teaching colleagues and other health care professionals;
supervising the work of medical technical officers (MTOs) and junior staff;
interpreting quality control and quality assurance data;
continually updating their professional skills and knowledge by reading scientific literature and attending training courses and conferences.
The most common diseases geneticists work with are:
Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy;
fragile X syndrome;
familial cancers, such as breast and ovarian cancers.
Others include achondroplasia, Alzheimer's, hereditary neuropathies, muscular atrophies and some very rare disorders
| ingilizce 20 tane isim cümlesi 20 tane fiil |
bilen birisi rica ediyorum yazsın
| 20 tane ilin tanıtımı |
Arkadaşlar yardım edin lütfen.
| ingilizce meslek tanıtımı |
arkadaşlar ingiilzce ögretmenimiz istediğiniz meslek ile ilgili mesleğin avantajı ve dezavantajını bulmamızı istedi... Ben ögretmen olmayı istiyorum ögretmen olmanın avantajı ve dezavantajını bulmam lazım yardımcı olurmusunuz ?? :confused:
| ingilizce sanatçı tanıtımı |
arkadaşlar bununla ilgili bir konu açılmıs fakat verdikleri link açılmıyor yardımcı olabilir misiniz???
| ingilizce kurban bayramı tanıtımı |
arkadaşlar ingilizce kurban bayramında neler yaptıgımız ve kurban bayramının önemi lazım ve türçeside gerekiyor yardım edin lütfen acill şimdiden teşekürler
|ingilizce, mesleğin, tane, tanıtımı, ögretmen|
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