10 tane mesleğin ingilizce tanıtımı???

Konu 'İngilizce 10. Sınıf' bölümünde bhrylcn tarafından paylaşıldı.

  1. bhrylcn

    bhrylcn Üye

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    10 TANE(FAZLA OLABİLİR):330: MESLEĞN İNGİLİZCE TANITIMI?:cry:

  2. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    25 Mart 2008
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    Dentist
    Job description
    Dentists are health care professionals who provide preventive and restorative treatments for problems that affect the mouth and teeth.

    Most dentists work as self-employed practitioners in general practice, providing dental care to the public under the National Health Service (NHS) and/or privately. Others work in salaried posts within a variety of specialisms in hospital dentistry, community dentistry, the armed forces, corporate practices, industry, or university teaching and research.

    A general dental practitioner (GDP) typically leads a team made up of dental care professionals (DCPs) and treats a wide range of patients, from children to the elderly.

    » Typical work activities
    Most dentists work in dental practices where, in addition to the dentist(s), the dental team may include a receptionist, dental nurse, dental hygienist, dental therapist and dental technician. Some practices also employ practice managers so that dentists can concentrate on clinical work.

    A dentist is typically responsible for:

    educating patients on oral health care;
    ex*****ng teeth and diagnosing patients' dental conditions, using tools such as X-rays;
    assessing treatment options and agreeing treatment plans with patients;
    carrying out agreed clinical treatments, such as treating gum disease, restoring teeth affected by decay, etc.;
    maintaining patients' dental records;
    recruiting, training and managing staff;
    managing budgets and maintaining stocks of equipment;
    keeping abreast of new developments through structured continuing professional development (CPD);
    marketing services to potential clients.
    Hospital dentists usually treat patients who have been referred by a general dental practitioner (GDP) and therefore dental care is more specialised and complex. Additional postgraduate qualifications are required for career progression.

    Dental officers working in the Community Dental Service (now known in England as the Salaried Primary Dental Care Service (SPDCS)) are employed by primary care trusts and provide dental care to adults and children with special needs and disabilities, as **ll as providing school visits.

    Dentists in the armed forces hold a commissioned rank and provide a comprehensive range of dental services for armed forces personnel and their families, both in the UK and abroad.
  3. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    Graphic designer

    Job description
    Graphic designers produce design solutions to communicate their clients' messages with high visual impact. Graphic design solutions are required for a huge variety of products and activities, such as **bsites, advertising, books, magazines, posters, computer games, product packaging, exhibitions and displays, corporate communications and corporate identity, e.g. giving organisations a visual 'brand'.

    Working to a brief agreed with the client or account manager, a graphic designer develops creative ideas and concepts, choosing the appropriate media and style to meet the client's objectives.

    The work demands creative flair, up-to-date knowledge of industry software and a professional approach to time, costs and deadlines.

    » Typical work activities
    A graphic designer's job may involve managing more than one design brief at a time, allocating the relevant amount of time according to the value of the job. Typical work activities include:

    meeting clients or account managers to discuss the business objectives and requirements of the job;
    interpreting the client's business needs and developing a concept to suit their purpose;
    estimating the time required to complete the work and providing quotes for clients;
    developing design briefs by gathering information and data through research;
    thinking creatively to produce new ideas and concepts;
    using innovation to redefine a design brief within the constraints of cost and time;
    presenting finalised ideas and concepts to clients or account managers;
    working with a wide range of media, including photography and computer-aided design (CAD);
    proofreading to produce accurate and high-quality work;
    contributing ideas and design artwork to the overall brief;
    demonstrating illustrative skills with rough sketches;
    keeping abreast of emerging technologies in new media, particularly design programmes such as Quark Xpress, FreeHand, Illustrator, Photoshop, 3D Studio, Acrobat, Director, Dream**aver and Flash, as most graphic design work is now completed on a computer;
    working as part of a team with printers, copywriters, photographers, other designers, account executives, **b developers and marketing specialists.
    Whether they are self-employed, working freelance or employed within a business, designers often have to be proactive in presenting or 'pitching' their ideas and designs to prospective customers.
  4. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    doctor

    Job description
    Hospital doctors apply medical knowledge and skills to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of illnesses. They may themselves treat the patients or they may refer them to a general practitioner (GP) or a different member of the health care professional team. Hospital doctors work in hospital wards and out-patient clinics in both the public and private sectors, working collaboratively with a wide range of other professionals, including nurses, radiologists, etc. across the health care sector. Most hospital doctors work in one of around 60 specialties, of which the most common are:

    anaesthetics;
    cardiology;
    general medicine;
    general surgery;
    orthopaedics;
    ophthalmology;
    paediatrics;
    pathology;
    psychiatry.
    » Typical work activities
    Typical activities are many and varied. Specific tasks depend on the specialty; a surgeon's daily tasks are significantly different from those of a doctor working in accident and emergency (A&E) or a general physician. Ho**ver, the following responsibilities are likely to be carried out, regardless of the doctor's specialty, on a daily or **ekly basis:

    monitoring and providing general care to patients on hospital wards and in outpatient clinics;
    admitting patients requiring special care, investigations and treatment;
    ex*****ng and talking to patients to diagnose their medical conditions;
    providing specific treatments, e.g. performing operations and inserting cardiac pacemakers;
    making notes, both as a record of treatment and for referral back to GPs in the community;
    liaising with other medical and non-medical staff in the hospital to ensure quality treatment;
    working with other doctors as part of a team, both in the same department, and within other specialties;
    promoting health education;
    increasingly, undertaking managerial responsibilities such as planning the workload and staffing of the department;
    teaching and research.
  5. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    Clinical molecular geneticist

    Job description
    Clinical molecular geneticists use biochemical and molecular biology techniques to identify genetic abnormalities associated with disease. They screen individuals both before and after the appearance of symptoms.

    The work falls into three main categories:

    prenatal diagnosis;
    carrier testing;
    confirmation of diagnosis.
    Some clinical molecular geneticists also use testing techniques to examine non-inherited conditions, such as analysing acquired changes in cancer tumours. They may also devise or develop new tests and procedures.

    Most clinical molecular geneticists are based in regional genetics centres of The National Health Service (NHS) within large hospitals or in other specialist laboratories.

    » Typical work activities
    Typical work activities include:

    establishing genotypes (the genetic make-up of individuals) and using diagnostic procedures and tests to detect genetic diseases;
    using laboratory techniques, including: PCR (polymerase chain reaction) to multiply a small amount of DNA for testing; mutation detection techniques, such SSCP (single strand conformation polymorphism); denaturing HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography); southern blotting; DNA sequencing and fragment analysis, using capillary electrophoresis; and the laser detection of fluorescent dyes;
    writing reports for clinicians (including family doctors, consultant neurologists and paediatricians) who have requested tests, and advising them on investigation strategies;
    interpreting the results of routine tests carried out by medical technical officers (MTOs), who conduct the majority of the DNA extraction work;
    developing and devising new investigation strategies, taking account of the clinical problems of genetic disease and the clinical relevance of inherited or acquired genetic abnormalities;
    conducting research and development, designing new molecular genetics techniques and assays for genetic disease;
    dealing with enquiries and communicating with clinical colleagues and other health care professionals (molecular geneticists do not normally have contact with patients but are acutely aware of the implications of their work);
    training and teaching colleagues and other health care professionals;
    supervising the work of medical technical officers (MTOs) and junior staff;
    interpreting quality control and quality assurance data;
    continually updating their professional skills and knowledge by reading scientific literature and attending training courses and conferences.
    The most common diseases geneticists work with are:

    cystic fibrosis;
    Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy;
    fragile X syndrome;
    Huntington's disease;
    familial cancers, such as breast and ovarian cancers.
    Others include achondroplasia, Alzheimer's, hereditary neuropathies, muscular atrophies and some very rare disorders
  6. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    25 Mart 2008
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    Actor

    Job description
    An actor communicates a character and situations to an audience through speech, body language and movement. This usually involves interpreting the work of a writer under the instruction and support of a director, although some work may require the actor to improvise the reactions of a character to a situation.

    Work varies enormously: from live stage performances of the classics and community theatre, to soap operas, radio work and film parts. An actor's role may also involve education, training or therapy, as **ll as entertainment.

    An acting career inevitably incorporates periods of unemployment, underemployment and alternative employment.

    » Typical work activities
    Work activities vary from actor to actor and even for the same actor, depending on the contract. Ho**ver, activities include varying combinations of the following:

    job seeking and networking;
    attending meetings with an agent;
    preparing for and attending auditions;
    learning lines and rehearsing;
    researching reading material or undertaking activities to **** prepare for a part;
    discussing interpretation and ****very with other members of the company and the director;
    performing for a live audience;
    performing in a studio or 'on location' for film, television, internet and radio broadcast;
    doing voice-overs for advertisements or recording 'talking books' for CDs;
    managing the performance area, costumes and props;
    undertaking activities associated with touring, such as driving a van, 'get-ins' and 'get-outs' at theatres (i.e. setting up and dismantling the performance area), liaising with venue managers and accommodation providers, keeping records for company managers;
    working as a walk-on or extra for television or film.
    It is essential to realise that, on average, actors spend about 80% of their working life 'resting' (i.e. not employed as an actor), so it is important to have other ways of being occupied and generating an income.
  7. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    Architect

    Job description
    An architect works in the construction industry designing new buildings and the spaces around them, working closely with users, clients and officials to make sure that projected designs match the needs of these groups.

    Architects work on new buildings, develop groups of buildings in area regeneration projects, design alterations to existing buildings, and advise on the restoration and conservation of old properties.

    On every project, architects work closely with other professionals, including engineers and surveyors, to make sure that their buildings meet the necessary standards. They also work closely with construction specialists on site and oversee projects from beginning to end.

    » Typical work activities
    Architects are involved from the earliest stages of a building project, from site selection through to completion. They remain actively involved throughout each project as their ideas and plans are turned into reality. They work closely with contractors on site, ensuring that works are carried out to specific standards and that any problems that arise are quickly resolved.

    Typical work activities include:

    consulting with other professionals about the design of an environment;
    preparing and presenting design proposals to the client;
    using IT in design and project management, specifically software packages such as Auto Cad and SketchUp;
    advising the client on the practicality of their project;
    keeping within financial budgets and deadlines;
    producing detailed drawings from which costings are made;
    preparing tender applications and presentations;
    negotiating with contractors and other professionals;
    preparing planning applications;
    coordinating the work of contractors;
    making site visits to check on progress and ensuring that the project is running within the agreed timescale;
    solving problems that might occur during building;
    carrying out defect inspections.
    Through all these activities, architects need an understanding of the complex processes of design and construction to build socially and ecologically sustainable cities and communities.
  8. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    684
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    372
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    Banker

    Job description
    A banker is responsible for establishing and maintaining positive customer relationships, planning and ****vering effective sales strategies and monitoring the progress of new and existing financial products. Bankers may work as managers in high street branches, providing operational support on a day-to-day basis, or in more specialised posts in corporate or commercial departments at area, regional or head offices.

    Banks operate in a fiercely competitive marketplace where change is common. Products and services must develop to satisfy the expectations and demands of customers. Working with staff and customers to achieve targets has become a major part of the role.

    » Typical work activities
    Responsibilities and work activities may vary bet**en retail and corporate and commercial banking. Most retail bankers work in high street branches, dealing with both private and corporate customers, while some work in regional or head offices. Bankers who work with commercial or corporate customers may be based in branches or may work from specialised area or regional offices.

    Bankers with area and regional responsibilities adopt a strategic role and, while retaining overall accountability for service and product ****very, often delegate supervision of day-to-day operations to staff in branch outlets.

    Responsibilities for both retail and corporate and commercial bankers may include:

    implementing the ****very of sales strategies and targets and motivating employees to meet and surpass these;
    establishing and maintaining effective relationships with new and existing customers, establishing their needs and advising on the suitability of services;
    visiting business customers and attending meetings and conferences with them and other professionals;
    managing and supporting staff and facilitating appropriate continuing professional development (CPD);
    communicating, implementing and monitoring compliance with corporate standards and procedures;
    processing data to produce accurate facts, figures and reports;
    evaluating new and renewal lending proposals, negotiating terms with customers and, where appropriate, submitting proposals to the credit department for approval;
    checking accounts and initiating action if they are overdrawn without arrangement or are in excess of agreed arrangements;
    assuming overall accountability for products and services, such as consumer lending, current account transactions, unsecured loans, overdrafts, credit cards and personal loans;
    networking with appropriate professionals;
    representing the bank within the wider community.
  9. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

    Katılım:
    25 Mart 2008
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    Biochemical engineer

    Biochemical engineers apply engineering science principles to biological materials, processes and systems to create new products. These may include almost anything - vaccines, foods, plastic forks and plates, cattle feed, clothing, soda pop s**eteners - the list is endless.

    The processes biochemical engineers work on may dramatically improve our lives. They are involved, for example, in: making 'magic bullets' that locate and kill cancerous tumours; developing and producing pharmaceuticals to reduce heart disease; and synthesising high-performance lubricants which last a car's lifetime. They also develop processes to reduce pollution or treat waste products.

    Typical work activities include:

    applying biological and biochemical principles to the mass production of new products;
    scaling up production processes so that the product can be manufactured in bulk, safely, economically and profitably;
    designing, installing or constructing, and commissioning new production units, monitoring development and troubleshooting existing processes;
    working with chemists and biologists to devise new products and processes.
    Biochemical engineers may take on managerial responsibility for projects, or specialise in particular processes or techniques. An increasing number of graduates are choosing to join small start-up companies working on new technologies.

    Typical employers come from all sectors of the biotechnology industries, including those with interests in pharmaceuticals, food, environment, waste treatment, and consulting.
  10. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    25 Mart 2008
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    Economist

    Job description
    Economists provide specialist advice based on the application of economic theory and knowledge. They do this by studying data and statistics and using their understanding of economic relationships to spot trends, carrying out considerable amounts of research and collecting large amounts of information. They then analyse this data to assess feasibility, produce forecasts of future trends and make recommendations of ways to improve efficiency or take advantage of future activities.

    Economists use specialist software and advanced methods in statistical analysis to assemble, sift and present this information, which is then used to advise businesses and other organisations, including government agencies.

    » Typical work activities
    Areas of research can cover any aspect of economic and social policy, ranging from interest rates, taxation and employment levels, to energy, health, transport and international development.

    Tasks typically involve:

    devising methods and procedures for obtaining data;
    understanding various sampling techniques that may be used to conduct different types of surveys;
    creating, as **ll as using, various econometric modelling techniques to develop forecasts;
    understanding and interpreting data;
    analysing data to test the effectiveness of current policies, products or services and advising on the suitability of alternative courses of action;
    explaining research methodology and justifying conclusions drawn from research data;
    providing economic advice to a range of stakeholders;
    evaluating past and present economic issues and trends;
    writing various technical and non-technical reports on economic trends and forecasts to inform the press and public;
    conducting numerous oral and visual presentations, which non-technical audiences must be able to understand thoroughly in order to inform decisions.
    Specific work projects could include:

    assessing the economic impact of national events on the UK, e.g. the London 2012 Olympic Games;
    analysing the potential job creation of inward investment projects;
    analysing the performance of companies with a view to advising fund managers or clients on investments;
    analysing the economic impact of transport infrastructure developments;
    advising government, employers or trade unions on the economic implications of policy options;
    producing research on the global economy to influence international economic organisations and forums, e.g. the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the G8;
    studying how exchange rates affect the competitiveness and productivity of UK and international trade;
    preparing briefs for government ministers and ans**ring ministers' questions.

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