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Publications Dr. Cevdet Aykanat is a Professor of the Computer Engineering Department of Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey. Prof. Aykanat earned his BS and MS degrees in electrical engineering from the Middle East Technical University, and received his PhD in electrical and computer engineering from Ohio State University, where he was a Fullbright scholar, He worked at the Intel Supercomputer Systems Division, Beaverton, Oregon, as a research associate. Since 1989, he has been affiliated with the Department of Computer Engineering, Bilkent University. Research interests of Prof. Aykanat mainly include parallel computing (especially for irregular and unstructured applications on distributed-memory architectures), parallel scientific computing and its combinatorial aspects, parallel computer graphics applications, parallel data mining, graph and hypergraph partitioning, load balancing, high-performance information retrieval and GIS systems, parallel and distributed databases, and grid computing. Prof. Aykanat (co)authored above 50 articles in prestigious ISI journals such as IEEE Trans. Computers, IEEE Trans. Parallel and Distributed Systems, J. Supercomputing, J. Parallel and Distributed Computing, IEEE Trans. Power Systems, IEEE Trans. Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits, Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Information Systems, Visual Computer, Neurocomputing, Neural Networks, Computers & Graphics, Computer-Aided Design, Information Processing & Management, SIAM J. Scientific Computing, SIAM Review. His publications received about 300 citations in ISI indexes. Some of his applied research projects have been funded by TUBITAK, Intel SSD, and European Commission. Prof. Aykanat was the coordinator of a 2.5-year EU-funded ITDC project on unstructured domain mapping for distributed-memory architectures between 1995 and 1998, and currently he is the principal investigator of Bilkent University in the EU-funded SEE-GRID and SEE-GRID2 projects.
Prof. Aykanat is the recipient of the 1996 Young Investigator Award of TUBITAK and 2007 Science Award of METU Parlar foundation. He was appointed as a member of the IFIP Working Group 10.3 (Concurrent System Technology) in April 2004 and as a member of the EU-INTAS Council of Scientists in June 2005. Prof. Aykanat has been the Director of Bilkent Summer School since April 2005.
SİR ISAAC NEWTON
(4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 [: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727]) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian and one of the most influential men in human history. His Philosophi, laying the groundwork for most of . In this work, Newton described and the three which dominated the scientific view of the for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the motions of objects on and of bodies are governed by the same set of natural laws by demonstrating the consistency between and his theory of gravitation, thus removing the last doubts about and advancing the .
In , Newton enunciated the principles of conservation of both and . In , he built the first practical and developed a theory of based on the observation that a decomposes into the many colours which form the . He also formulated an empirical and studied the .
In mathematics, Newton shares the credit with for the of the differential and integral . He also demonstrated the , developed the so-called "" for approximating the zeroes of a , and contributed to the study of .
Newton's stature among scientists remains at the very top rank, as demonstrated by a 2005 survey of scientists in Britain's asking who had the greater effect on the , Newton or . Newton was deemed the more influential.
Newton was also highly religious (though unorthodox), producing more work on than the natural science he is remembered for today.
Albert Einstein was born in Germany in 1879. He enjoyed classical music and played the violin. One story Einstein liked to tell about his childhood was of a wonder he saw when he was four or five years old: a magnetic compass. The needle's invariable northward swing, guided by an invisible force, profoundly impressed the child. The compass convinced him that there had to be "something behind things, something deeply hidden."
[SIZE=-1]Even as a small boy Albert Einstein was self-sufficient and thoughtful. According to family legend he was a slow talker, pausing to consider what he would say. His sister remembered the concentration and perseverance with which he would build houses of cards.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Albert Einstein's first job was that of patent clerk.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]In 1933, he joined the staff of the newly created Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He accepted this position for life, living there until his death. Einstein is probably familiar to most people for his mathematical equation about the nature of energy, E = MC2.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Albert Einstein wrote a paper with a new understanding of the structure of light. He argued that light can act as though it consists of discrete, independent particles of energy, in some ways like the particles of a gas. A few years before, Max Planck's work had contained the first suggestion of a discreteness in energy, but Einstein went far beyond this. His revolutionary proposal seemed to contradict the universally accepted theory that light consists of smoothly oscillating electromagnetic waves. But Einstein showed that light quanta, as he called the particles of energy, could **** to explain phenomena being studied by experimental physicists. For example, he made clear how light ejects electrons from metals.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]There was a well-known kinetic energy theory that explained heat as an effect of the ceaseless motion of atoms; Einstein proposed a way to put the theory to a new and crucial experimental test. If tiny but visible particles were suspended in a liquid, he said, the irregular bombardment by the liquid's invisible atoms should cause the suspended particles to carry out a random jittering dance. One should be able to observe this through a microscope, and if the predicted motion were not seen, the whole kinetic theory would be in grave danger. But just such a random dance of microscopic particles had long since been observed. Now the motion was explained in detail. Albert Einstein had reinforced the kinetic theory, and he had created a powerful new tool for studying the movement of atoms.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]The Atomic Bomb[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Please don't build one at home. On August 2nd 1939, just before the beginning of World War II, Einstein wrote to then President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Einstein and several other scientists told Roosevelt of efforts in Nazi Germany to purify U-235 with which might in turn be used to build an atomic bomb. It was shortly thereafter that the United States Government began the serious undertaking known only then as the Manhattan Project. Simply put, the Manhattan Project was committed to expedient research and production that would produce a viable atomic bomb. [The Letter][/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Nova's multimedia presentation on the life of Albert Einstein[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]The Biography of Albert Einstein[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Learn about the life and times of Albert Einstein. Chapters: Formative Years, The Great Works, E=mc², World Fame, Public Concerns, Quantum and Cosmos, The Nuclear Age, Science and Philosophy, An Essay: Albert Einstein - The World As I See It.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Albert Einstein in Princeton[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]"Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955) first gained worldwide prominence in 1919, when British astronomers verified predictions of Einstein's general theory of relativity through measurements taken during a total eclipse. Einstein's theories expanded upon, and in some cases refuted, universal laws formulated by Newton in the late seventeenth century."[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Albert Einstein was asked to pose so many times that he said if he hadn't been a physicist, he could have made a living as a model.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Inventor and innovations surrounding nuclear physics.[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]E = MC2[/SIZE]
[SIZE=-1]Albert Einstein developed a theory about the relationship of mass and energy. The formula, E=mc, is probably the most famous outcome from Einstein's special theory of relativity. The formula says energy (E) equals mass (m) times the speed of light (c) squared. In essence, it means mass is just one form of energy. Since the speed of light squared is an enormous number (186,000 miles per second), a small amount of mass can be converted to a phenomenal amount of energy. Or, if there's a lot of energy available, some energy can be converted to mass and a new particle can be created. Nuclear reactors, for instance, work because nuclear reactions convert small amounts of mass into large amounts of energy.[/SIZE]
Sinanoğlu was born in 1935 in Bari, Italy where his father served as a consul general. The family returned to Turaaa at the start of World War II in 1939. In 1953, he attended TED Yenişehir Lisesi high school in Ankara, and after graduating won a scholarship for education of chemistry in the United States. In 1956, he graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in chemical engineering with the highest rank. In only eight months, he graduated from MIT in 1957 with the highest degree. In two years, he finished his doctorate at UC Berkeley. In 1960, Sinanoğlu started working as associate professor at Yale University. He theorized the "Many-Electron Theory of Atoms and Molecules" in 1962 by solving a mathematical theorem that had been unsolved for 50 years. The same year, he earned the Alfred P. Sloan prize. He was appointed aaaa professor in 1961. He got his second life-long chair in Yale in Molecular Biology.
Sinanoğlu was the first to earn the Alexander von Humboldt's Science Prize in 1973. In 1975, he won the award of Japan's International Outstanding Scientist. In the 1980s, he theorized a new method from 180 theories concerning mathematics and physics, considered revolutionary, which enables chemists to predict the ways in which chemicals combine in the laboratory and to solve other complex problems in chemistry using simple pictures and periodic tables. Also, he took his place in the Academy of Arts & Sciences. In 1993, he moved to Turaaa to teach at the Yıldız Teknik Universitesi, and officially retired at the age of 67. Yet his scientific researches have not ceased.
He received several international and local awards concerning his scientific and social contributions and efforts. He has been to many places including Asia and Latin America. He tried to establish strong communications between Japan, India and Turaaa. Because of his efforts, he was given the title "Special Emissary" of Japan-Turaaa. He worked for better education, purified language in Turaaa most of his life and strived to form a conscious generation.Genişletmek için tıkla...
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