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    Present Unreal Conditional


    FORM
    [If ... SIMPLE PAST ..., ... would + VERB ...]
    or
    [... would + VERB ... if ... SIMPLE PAST ...]


    USE
    The Present Unreal Conditional is used to talk about what you would do in imaginary situations in general.

    EXAMPLES:

    If I had a car, I would drive to work. But I don't have a car.

    She would travel around the world if she had more money. But she doesn't have much money.

    I would read more if I didn't have a TV.

    Mary would move to Japan if she spoke Japanese.

    If they worked harder, they would earn more money.

    What would you do if you won the lottery?
    I would travel.

    Where would you live if you moved to the U.S.?
    I would live in Seattle.


    EXCEPTION If I were ...
    In the Present Unreal Conditional, the form "was" is not considered grammatically correct. In written English or in testing situations, you should always use "were." However, in everyday conversation, "was" is often used.

    EXAMPLES:

    If he were French, he would live in Paris.

    If she were rich, she would buy a yacht.

    I would play basketball if I were taller.

    I would buy that computer if it were cheaper.

    I would buy that computer if it was cheaper. NOT CORRECT (But often said in conversation.)


    EXCEPTION Conditional with Modal Verbs
    There are some special Conditional forms for modal verbs in English:

    would + can = could
    would + shall = should
    would + may = might

    The words "can," "shall" and "may" must be used in these special forms; they cannot be used with "would."

    EXAMPLES:

    If I went to Egypt, I would can learn Arabic. NOT CORRECT
    If I went to Egypt, I could learn Arabic. CORRECT

    If she had time, she would may go to the party. NOT CORRECT
    If she had time, she might go to the party. CORRECT



    The words "could," should," "might" and "ought to" include conditional, so you cannot combine them with "would."

    EXAMPLES:

    If I had more time, I would could exercise after work. NOT CORRECT
    If I had more time, I could exercise after work. CORRECT

    If he invited you, you really would should go. NOT CORRECT
    If he invited you, you really should go. CORRECT



    IMPORTANT : Only use "If"
    Only the word "if" is used with the Present Unreal Conditional because you are discussing imaginary situations. "When" cannot be used.

    EXAMPLES:

    I would buy that computer when it were cheaper. NOT CORRECT
    I would buy that computer if it were cheaper. CORRECT


    Present Real Conditional

    FORM
    [If / When ... SIMPLE PRESENT..., ... SIMPLE PRESENT ...]
    or
    [... SIMPLE PRESENT ... if / when ... SIMPLE PRESENT...]


    USE
    The Present Real Conditional is used to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations.

    EXAMPLES:

    If I go to a friend's house for dinner, I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers.

    When I have a day off from work, I often go to the beach.

    If the weather is nice, she walks to work.

    Jerry helps me with my homework when he has time.

    I read if there is nothing on TV.

    What do you do when it rains?
    I stay at home.

    Where do you stay if you go to Sydney?
    I stay with my friends near the harbor.


    IMPORTANT : If / When
    Both "if" and "when" are used in the Present Real Conditional. Using "if" suggests that something happens less frequently. Using "when" suggests that something happens regularly.


    EXAMPLES:

    When I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.
    (I regularly have days off from work.)

    If I have a day off from work, I usually go to the beach.
    (I rarely have days off from work.)


    Zero Conditional: certainty

    We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.

    Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan. What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You would be surprised if it did not.

    IF condition result
    present simple present simple
    If you heat ice it melts.

    Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always true for this condition. The result of the condition is an absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk about the condition. We also use the present simple tense to talk about the result. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result.


    We can also use when instead of if, for example: When I get up late I miss my bus.


    Look at some more examples in the tables below:

    IF condition result
    present simple present simple
    If I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work.
    If I am late for work my boss gets angry.
    If people don't eat they get hungry.
    If you heat ice does it melt?

    result IF condition
    present simple present simple
    I am late for work if I miss the 8 o'clock bus.
    My boss gets angry if I am late for work.
    People get hungry if they don't eat.
    Does ice melt if you heat it?
    eknedwrd, Berkay VARANGEL ve Mehmet Yurt bunu beğendi.
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    Third Conditional: no possibility
    The first conditional and second conditionals talk about the future. With the third conditional we talk about the past. We talk about a condition in the past that did not happen. That is why there is no possibility for this condition. The third conditional is also like a dream, but with no possibility of the dream coming true.

    Last week you bought a lottery ticket. But you did not win. :-(

    condition result
    Past Perfect WOULD HAVE + Past Participle
    If I had won the lottery I would have bought a car.

    Notice that we are thinking about an impossible past condition. You did not win the lottery. So the condition was not true, and that particular condition can never be true because it is finished. We use the past perfect tense to talk about the impossible past condition. We use WOULD HAVE + past participle to talk about the impossible past result. The important thing about the third conditional is that both the condition and result are impossible now.


    Sometimes, we use should have, could have, might have instead of would have, for example: If you had bought a lottery ticket, you might have won.


    Look at some more examples in the tables below:

    IF condition result
    past perfect WOULD HAVE + past participle
    If I had seen Mary I would have told her.
    If Tara had been free yesterday/ I would have invited her.
    If they had not passed their exam /their teacher would have been sad.
    If it had rained yesterday /would you have stayed at home?
    If it had rained yesterday /what would you have done?


    result IF condition
    WOULD HAVE + past participle past perfect
    I would have told Mary if I had seen her.
    I would have invited Tara if she had been free yesterday.
    Their teacher would have been sad if they had not passed their exam.
    Would you have stayed at home if it had rained yesterday?
    What would you have done if it had rained yesterday?


    Second Conditional: unreal possibility or dream

    The second conditional is like the first conditional. We are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. But there is not a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, you do not have a lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket, no win! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the future. So you can think about winning in the future, like a dream. It's not very real, but it's still possible.

    IF condition result
    past simple WOULD + base verb
    If I won the lottery I would buy a car.

    Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We use the past simple tense to talk about the future condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the future result. The important thing about the second conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen.

    Here are some more examples:

    IF condition result
    past simple WOULD + base verb
    If I married Mary I would be happy.
    If Ram became rich she would marry him.
    If it snowed next July would you be surprised?
    If it snowed next July what would you do?

    result IF condition
    WOULD + base verb past simple
    I would be happy if I married Mary.
    She would marry Ram if he became rich.
    Would you be surprised if it snowed next July?
    What would you do if it snowed next July?

    Sometimes, we use should, could or might instead of would, for example: If I won a million dollars, I could stop working.


    First Conditional: real possibility

    We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, it is morning. You are at home. You plan to play tennis this afternoon. But there are some clouds in the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do?

    IF condition result
    present simple WILL + base verb
    If it rains I will stay at home.

    Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet. But the sky is cloudy and you think that it could rain. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible future condition. We use WILL + base verb to talk about the possible future result. The important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen. Here are some more examples (do you remember the two basic structures: [IF condition result] and [result IF condition]?):

    IF condition result
    present simple WILL + base verb
    If I see Mary I will tell her.
    If Tara is free tomorrow he will invite her.
    If they do not pass their exam their teacher will be sad.
    If it rains tomorrow w ill you stay at home?
    If it rains tomorrow what will you do?

    result IF condition
    WILL + base verb present simple
    I will tell Mary if I see her.
    He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow.
    Their teacher will be sad if they do not pass their exam.
    Will you stay at home if it rains tomorrow?
    What will you do if it rains tomorrow?

    Sometimes, we use shall, can, or may instead of will, for example: If you are good today, you can watch TV tonight.
    eknedwrd, Berkay VARANGEL ve Mehmet Yurt bunu beğendi.
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    Match the parts of the sentence.(If Clause-1)


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    1. If I get this new job,

    a)
    she won't be very happy.

    b)
    I'll buy you some champagne.

    c)
    we'll ask him what he thinks.

    d)
    they won't be very happy.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    2. If England win the World Cup,

    a)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    b)
    they won't be very happy.

    c)
    I'll be very surprised.

    d)
    I won't go either.


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    3. If Tony Blair continues the way he has started,

    a)
    she won't be very happy.

    b)
    they won't be very happy.

    c)
    we'll ask him what he thinks.

    d)
    he'll be one of the best ever Prime Ministers.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    4. If the Euro does as well as expected,

    a)
    she won't be very happy.

    b)
    we'll make a lot of money.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    we'll ask him what he thinks.


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    5. When our shareholders see how badly we have done,

    a)
    we'll ask him what he thinks.

    b)
    they won't be very happy.

    c)
    she won't be very happy.

    d)
    I won't go either.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    6. When the boss gets back from holiday,

    a)
    we'll ask him what he thinks.

    b)
    I won't go either.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    we'll make a lot of money.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    7. When the boss finds out about this,

    a)
    we'll make a lot of money.

    b)
    I won't go either.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    she won't be very happy.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    8. When I finish work tonight,

    a)
    I'll probably go and have a drink.

    b)
    I won't go either.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    we'll make a lot of money.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    9. If you are definitely not going to the seminar,

    a)
    I won't go either.

    b)
    I'll be very surprised.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    we'll make a lot of money.


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    10. If you think it's not a problem,

    a)
    I'll buy you some champagne.

    b)
    I'll be very surprised.

    c)
    I'll take the rest of the week off.

    d)
    we'll make a lot of money.




    Choose the correct verb form

    Q1 - If I ...... you, I would tell him straightaway
    were
    am
    Q2 - If you ...... yellow and blue, you get green
    will mix
    mix
    Q3 - If I .........., I would never have done it
    knew
    had known
    Q4 - Unless you ...... things easy, you'll get ill
    take
    don't take
    Q5 - ........, I'd have come immediately
    Were I to know
    Had I known
    Q6 - If I ...... you, I would never have done that
    had been
    were
    Q7 - Provided you ........ there half an hour before it starts, you'll get straight in
    will get
    get
    Q8 - Unless you ....... drinking, you'll have serious health problems
    will stop
    stop
    Q9 - If you see him, ......... him to call me?
    will you ask
    would you have asked
    Q10 - ........ her help, I'd have been in real trouble
    But for
    If only

    Q11 - ........, what would you ask her?
    Had you seen her
    Were you to see her
    Q12 - If I ........., I'd have done it myself
    were there
    had been there
    Q13 - ........., you'll miss your flight
    If you hurry
    Unless you hurry
    Q14 - ....... there, will you ask him to call me?
    If he will be
    Should he be
    Q15 - Suppose there ......... a problem, what would you have been able to do?
    had been
    was
    Q16 - If the weather holds, I ........ play golf this afternoon
    will
    would
    Q17 - If I ........, I'll do it this evening
    could
    can
    Q18 - Come on Friday if you .......
    will be able to
    can
    Q19 - ........ you retire if you won the lottery?
    Would
    Will
    Q20 - If she ..... there, will you give her a message for me?
    is
    will be
    eknedwrd ve Berkay VARANGEL bunu beğendi.
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    Mixed Conditionals

    Choose the correct answer.

    Q1 - If you'd arrived on time, none of this would have happened
    This sentence is about something that happened in the past
    This sentence is about something that is very unlikely to happen
    Q2 - If I were you, I'd get in touch with a solicitor
    This is about something that is likely to happen in the near future
    This is about something now
    Q3 - If I won the lottery, I'd go on a cruise
    This is about the present
    This is about the future
    Q4 - If you should see him, tell him I've got the video he was looking for
    This is less likely to happen than if the speaker had said 'If you see him...'
    This is as likely to happen as if the speaker had said 'If you see him...'
    Q5 - If the weather stays good, I'll play a round of golf tomorrow
    This is about something that is unlikely to happen
    This is about something that has a good chance of happening
    Q6 - If they win, they'll be top of the Premier Division
    This could well happen
    This is unlikely to happen
    Q7 - But for Jane's help, I'd never have got it done on time
    Jane helped the speaker
    Jane didn't help the speaker
    Q8 - It might not have been Sally
    The speaker thinks that it probably was Sally
    The speaker is fairly sure it wasn't Sally
    Q9 - John, should you see her, could you ask Helen to give me a quick ring?
    John is likely to see Helen
    John might possibly see Helen
    Q10 - If I told you what happened, would you keep it to yourself
    The speaker is definitely going to tell the person what happened
    The speaker might tell the person what happened



    Conditional Sentences Type I
    Complete the Conditional Sentences Type I.

    * If you (go) _____________ out with your friends tonight, I (watch)_________________ the football match on TV.
    * I (earn) ____________________ a lot of money if I (get) _________________ that job.
    * If she (hurry / not) ______________________, we (miss) _____________the bus.

    Conditional Sentences Type II
    Complete the Conditional Sentences Type II.

    * If he (try)__________________ harder, he (reach) ____________his goals.
    *I (buy) ____________________these shoes if they (fit)_______________ .
    * It (surprise / not) ______________ me if he (know / not) ______________the answer.

    Conditional Sentences Type III
    Complete the Conditional Sentences Type III.

    * If we (listen) _________________to the radio, we (hear) ___________the news.
    * If you (switch) __________on the lights, you (fall / not) ____________over the chair.
    * She (come) ______________ to our party if she (be / not) ____________on holiday.



    The Third Conditional Exercise

    Fill the gap using the verb in brackets. Think very carefully about the meaning of the phrase before deciding whether to use a negative or positive verb form.

    1 I wouldn't be angry if you _____________________ my chocolate mousse. (to eat)

    2 If he had known you were in hospital, he _____________________ you. (to visit)

    3 We wouldn't have come by taxi if we _____________________ the right bus. (to find)

    4 We would have visited the Prado gallery if we _____________________ time. (to have)

    5 If you hadn't been asking me questions all the time, I ____________________ the film.(to enjoy)

    6 If I _____________________ your number, I would have phoned.(to know)

    7 If just one person had remembered my birthday, I _____________________ sad. (to be)

    8 I would have understood the film if it _____________________ in German. (to be*)

    9 They _____________________ to see you if they hadn't been away. (to come)

    10 If she _____________________ on a double yellow line, she wouldn't have got a fine. (to park)

    11 If I'd known you were coming, I _____________________ a cake. (to bake)

    12 If she _____________________ the shed unlocked, they wouldn't have stolen her bike. (to leave)

    13 If you had told me about the concert, I _____________________. (to go)

    14 The storm _____________________ a lot of damage if it had come this way. (to do)

    15 The holidays would have been great if the weather _____________________ better. (to be)
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    First Conditional Exercise

    Fill the gap using the verb in brackets.Three gaps need a NEGATIVE verb and watch out for the third person S!

    1 If Clare ___________________ late again, the hockey trainer will be furious. (to arrive)

    2 You'll be sorry if you ___________________ for your exams. (to revise)

    3 We ___________________ if the weather's good. (to go)

    4 They ___________________ you if you wear a wig and dark glasses. (to recognise)

    5 If the bus ___________________ on time, I won't miss the football. (to be)

    6 If you ___________________ your homework now, you'll be free all tomorrow. (to do)

    7 We___________________ out if there's no food at home. (to eat)

    8 You'll find life much ea***r if you ___________________ more often. (to smile)

    9 If it's hot, we___________________ for a swim. (to go)

    10 You'll do it better if you ___________________ more time over it. (to take)

    11 If she ___________________ practising, she'll get better. (to keep)

    12 Mum will be very sad if Jim ___________________ Mother's Day again. (to forget)

    13 I___________________ so happy if I pass the exam. (to be)

    14 You'll be really tired tomorrow if you ___________________ to bed soon. (to go)

    15 The government ___________________ the next election if they continue to ignore public opinion. (to lose)

    16 If Valencia FC win the Spanish football league, I___________________ my hair blue. (to dye)

    17 If someone ___________________ you a bike, you can come with us. (to lend)


    The Zero Conditional Exercise

    1 Water boils if _______________________________________________ .

    2 If you mix red and white _______________________________________ .

    3 ___________________________________________ if you leave it in the sun.

    4 If _______________________________________________ , take an aspirin.

    5 If _______________________________________________ , it tastes sweet.

    6 _______________________________________________ if you go near its food when it's eating.

    7 If you pull a cat's tail, _____________________________________________ .

    8 _______________________________________________ if you don't wear a seat belt.

    9 You can end up brain damaged if____________________________________ .

    10 If you press this switch, _________________________________________ .

    11 If _______________________________________________ , her folks get very angry.

    12 Farmers get very angry if _________________________________________ .
    eknedwrd ve Berkay VARANGEL bunu beğendi.
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