' If ' Sentences

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  1. ecm_bal

    ecm_bal Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    ' If ' Sentences

    There are four main types of if sentences in English, often called conditional sentences.

    These sentences are in two halves, with the if part in one half and the other part where you can use words such as can, will, may, might, could and would.

    If + present form + present form

    "If you heat ice, it melts."

    In this type of sentence, you could use when instead of if. It's always true that when you heat ice it melts. This is why this type of sentence is sometimes called a zero conditional.

    If + present form, + will, can or may

    "If I am late, I will call you."

    "If you need me, you can call me at home."

    "If it gets any hotter, we may have a thunder storm."

    In these sentences (or first conditional sentences), there is a strong possibility that the first part (coming after if) is going to happen. The second part says what will happen as a result.

    If + past form + would, could or might

    "If I got a pay rise, I would buy a new car."

    "If you left your job, you could travel around the world."

    "If you were nicer to him, he might lend you the money."

    In these sentences, the first part with if shows that the event is unlikely to happen. In English, we often use this type of sentence (called a second conditional) to talk about hypotheses, or imaginary future events.

    For example, "If I was President of the United States, I would change some laws." But I know that I'll never be the President of the USA – I'm just saying what I would do if I was in his/her position. Note: in American English, it is correct to use "if I were…" In British English, it's more common to say "if I was…"

    If + past perfect + would/might/could have done

    "If I had revised, I would have passed my exams."

    "If we had gone out earlier, we might have got to the cinema on time."

    "If you had told me there was a problem, I could have ****ed."

    In these sentences (or third conditional sentences), the first part of the sentence with if didn't happen. So there is no possibility of the second part of the sentence happening. I didn't revise, so I didn't pass my exams and there is nothing I can do about it now. English speakers use this type of sentence to show how things could have been different.
    Ladyblood, shr_papatya, muro1038 ve diğer 2 kişi bunu beğendi.
  2. sementa.38

    sementa.38 Üye

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    CONDITIONALS
    1. if + simple present + simple present ( Genel doğrularda )
    2. if + simple present + simple future ( Gelecek için olası durumlarda )
    3. if + simple past + would + infinitive ( Şu an ve gelecek için hayali durumlarda )
    4. if + past pperfect + would have + past participle ( Geçmiş için hayali durumlarda )
    1. if + simple present + simple present ( Genel doğrularda ):
    a. if you don't water plants, they die ( bitkileri sulamazsan ölürler )
    b. if Mike reads on the Train , he feels sick.
    c. if you put paper on a fire , it burns quickly.
    d. if the phone rings , answer it . ( talimat verildiğinde özne yok.)

    2. if + simple present + simple future ( Gelecek için olası durumlarda )
    a. if it doesn't rain soon , a lot of crops will die. ( Eğer yakında yağmur yağmazsa birçok mahsul ölecek )
    b. if we don't leave now , we'll miss the train.
    c. if you pass your exams , I will give you a job.
    d. if you don't turn that music down , you will go deaf.
    e. if we leave now , we may catch the train.
    f. if you come to london again , you must call and see us. ( some modal verbs can be used instead of will)

    3. if + simple past + would + infinitive ( Şu an ve gelecek için hayali durumlarda )
    a. if I were a carpenter , I would build my own house ( Eğer bir marangoz olsaydım kendi evimi yapmak isterdim )
    b. you would feel healtier , if you did more exercises.
    c. if people didn't drive so fast , there wouldn't be so many fatal accidents.
    d. if you went to africa , you would have to have several injections.
    e. if I were you , I would't drive so fast.

    4. if + past pperfect + would have + past participle ( Geçmiş için hayali durumlarda )
    a. if bob had asked me to keep the news a secret , I wouldn't have told anybody.
    ( Eğer bob haberleri gizli tutmamı istemiş olsaydı kimseye söylemezdim.)

    USED TO:

    1. Used to + infinitive
    ( Used to expresses a habit , activity , or situation that existed in the past but which no longer exists.) - used to ; geçmişte var olan fakat şu an olmayan alışkanlıklar,aktiviteler ve durumları vurgulamak için kullanılır.
    1. My father used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day . ( babam günde 40 sigara içerdi )
    2. Jack used to live in chichago.
    3. Before I had a car , I used to cycle to work.
    4. I didn't used to have foreign holidays . Now I go abroad every year.
    5. Where did you use to go for your holidays

    2. be used to + - ing ( alışkın olmak )
    1. I must go to bed early. I'm used to having ten hours sleep a night. ( yatağa erken gitmeliyim ,gecede 10 saat uyumaya alışkınım.)
    2. Mary is used to cold weather.
    3. I am used to sitting at this desk, I sit here every day.

    3. get used to + - ing ( alışmak )
    1. If you come to england you will have to get used to driving on the left hand side of the road ( ingiltereye gelirsen yolun solundan sürmeye alışmak zorunda kalacaksın.)
    2. Bob moved to alaska. After a while he got used to living in a cold climate.
    3. You get used to seeing the sun every day.
    4. I will never get used to getting up early.

    WOULD + infinitive:

    ( would , geçmişte düzenli olarak tekrar eden bir eylemi vurgulamak için kullanılır.) used to ile aynı anla mı verir fakat used to nun her kullanıldığı durumda kullanılmaz.
    used to : eylem + süreklilik arzeden durum
    would : eylem
    1. Every summer our parents would take us to the seaside.
    2. He would catch the 7:30 train.
    3. When I was a child , my father would read me a story at night before bed.
    4. I used to live in California ( Would olmaz )
    5. He used to have a ford ( Would olmaz )
    6. I used to be very shy . Whenever a stranger came to our house , I would hide in a closed.

    NOT: would'un olumsuzunu veya soru şeklini kullanma , başka anlam verir.
    Ladyblood ve muro1038 bunu beğendi.
  3. sementa.38

    sementa.38 Üye

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    *jimjime~, muro1038 ve Gamze-o7 bunu beğendi.
  4. Gamze-o7

    Gamze-o7 Forumdan Uzaklaştırıldı

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    Çok iyiymiş ya
    Cok tesekkür ederim :)
  5. sementa.38

    sementa.38 Üye

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    rica ederim görevimiz.

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