İngilizce proje ödevi

Konu 'İngilizce 9. Sınıf' bölümünde speddemo tarafından paylaşıldı.

  1. speddemo

    speddemo Üye

    5 Nisan 2011
    Ödül Puanları:

    Atatürk'ün Hayatı'nı ingilizce olarak yazabilecek olan var mı?

    En az 4 sayfa olacak.Yardımlarınızı bekliyorum.Nisana kadar ödevi yetiştirmem gerekiyor.
  2. speddemo

    speddemo Üye

    5 Nisan 2011
    Ödül Puanları:
    Yardım eden yok mu ?
  3. sessizgeceler

    sessizgeceler Üye

    30 Mart 2009
    Ödül Puanları:

    * He was born in Thessaloniki in 1881.
    * His father, Ali Riza Efendi, the mother was.
    * Makbule and has two sisters named Naciye.
    * His father tried to do with trade and Customs Officer, a period of time (1876/77) has made a voluntary replacement üsteğmenlik. Mustafa died in 1893 at age 12.

    * He graduated from Primary School to master the first school in Thessaloniki.
    He graduated from the Military Rüştiyesi'nde * School of Thessaloniki. (Where by math teacher, took the name of Kemal.)
    * Military İdadisi'nde graduated from high school in the monastery. (1899)
    Academy High School in Istanbul (1902) and the Istanbul Military Academy (1905) was completed. Staff Captain in 1905, graduated from this school.


    * The first task of Damascus Hotel. (1905)
    * 1907 in Salonika 3 Assigned to the Army.
    * To suppress the insurrection of 31 March 1909 in Istanbul, the officer took part in the Movement Army.
    * 1911-12, fought with the Italians in Tripoli. Promoted to Major.
    * 1912 II.Balkan War took part in the liberation of Edirne.
    * 1913-15 Sofia Military Ataşeliğine appointed. Rose to rank of lieutenant colonel.
    * 1915 I. Gallipoli Front, fought in World War II. Promoted to full colonel.
    * In 1916, the Russians saved the Mus and Bitlis. "Pasha" liga rose.
    * Front, took part in 1917 and 18 in Palestine and Syria.

    * Went to Samsun on May 19, 1919.
    * 22 June 1919, Amasya Circular issued.
    * 7 July 1919, resigned from military service.
    * At the end of the Erzurum Congress was elected Chairman of Representative Committee on August 7, 1919.
    * 4 September 1919, held the Sivas Congress. Was elected President.
    * The Sivas Congress, founded in Anatolia and Rumelia Defence of Rights Society. Was elected President.
    * Sivas Congress ended 11 September 1919, was elected president of the Representative Committee.
    * 20 to 22 October 1919, Istanbul representative of the Government made the call, Minister of the Navy Salih Pasha and Amasya.
    * Come to Ankara on 27 December 1919 has made this place the center of the national struggle.
    * 12 January 1920, he held Ottoman Parliament.
    * 28 January 1920, the Ottoman Deputies Assembly the adoption of the National Misak provided.
    * 23 April 1920 and was elected President TGNA opened.
    * August 5, 1921, was appointed Commander in Chief by Parliament.
    * September 13, 1921, the Greeks won a victory against London. This is by Parliament on the success of "Ghazi" and the title of "Marshal" was given the rank of.
    * Great Attack launched on August 26, 1922.
    * Won the War of 30 August 1922, the Commander in Chief Field.
    * Oct. 29, 1923 Republic declared.

    · The Republic of Turkey's great work.
    · The most important written work, "The Speech" tour. This book describes the events between May 19, 1919 -1924. Completed in 1927.
    · For Citizen Relationship Textbook Information
    · Geometry Textbook
    · Cumali encampment
    Hasbihal with · Officer and Commander


    * Love of Fatherland and Nation is filled with: Ataturk's military and administrative tasks on all his life has met with this feature.
    * Idealistic: to bring the great ideal of the Turkish culture above the level of contemporary civilizations.
    * Creator: had encountered problems previously untested outside of the usual measures çözümlerdi ways.
    * Unifying: So, the national fight against the people of different cultural and social levels have succeeded in gathering around a single purpose.
    * Advanced Görüşlüdür: Battle of Gallipoli landing of the enemy will know where the First World War, the Germans say yenileceğini II. World War II, the Germans would launch a lucrative and say that most of Russia, told Russia's dağılacağını example of this feature.
    * Multi-fronts: He from the military, education, economy, culture and art work in many different fields and has given interested.
    * Educator: Letter do revolution, to introduce and teach the new alphabet for the blackboard at the beginning of the Turkish Language and History Institutions set up to navigate the entire residence, ...
    * Be patient and Disiplinlidir: gerçekleştirmezdi he had thought things ahead of time and place.
    * Is realistic: the People always told the truth, did not promise things gerçekleştiremeyeceği.
    * Rational and logical: * gives the value of Fine Arts:
    * Leader: * Revolutionist:
    * Democratic: Decisions would take the opinion of others before you.
    * Mücadelecidir: Challenges in the face of those challenges rather than give up the beat araştırırdı how.
    * Plan: He will not left to chance any job, paid in advance planning stages.
    * Barışçıdır: war, military, although not always, seen as the latest way to try.
    * Universal: It is not only the Turkish nation is a leader in the whole world loves and appreciates that.


    Kuva-yi Milliye: Mondros Ant. "Created by the people from the armed resistance against occupation forces started after.
    Kuva-IR in the National OUTSTANDING BENEFITS:
    * Oyaladı them to fight against the invaders, wearing out.
    * Regular Army gave much time to establish.
    * National consciousness kept standing.
    * Allowed the suppression of internal uprisings.
    * Balikesir and Congresses held Philadelphia.
    FIRST Struggles against the occupation:
    * The first was against the French Resistance in South Front Dörtyol'da.
    * Western Front was the first resistance after the occupation of Izmir.
    * West Front of the popular resistance Ödemiş occurred.
    * Regular troops on the Western Front was the first resistance Ayvalik by Lieutenant-Colonel Ali Cetinkaya.
    Mustafa Kemal to Samsun OBJECTIVES: based on national sovereignty, to establish a new Turkish State unconditionally independent.
    BASIN Circular (29 MAY 1919): Mustafa Kemal, with the circular occupations nationwide protest rallies condemning intentionally wanted to ensure public awareness.
    Amasya Circular (22 June 1919): M. Prepared by Kemal, Rauf Orbay, Ali Fuat Refet Cebesoy and signed by the municipality.
    * Liberation war rationale, purpose and method were determined.
    * For the first time a government based on national sovereignty is about.
    Organization of a congress in Sivas were asked to *.
    * Istanbul Huk. No counting the people called for the national struggle.
    *** After this circular M. Kemal called to Istanbul .***
    Erzurum Congress (July 23 to August 7 1919):
    * Congress Kazim Karabekir the Eastern Anatolia and Trabzon MHCemiyeti MHCemiyeti threatened by the Armenians of Eastern Anatolia to take measures on the risk of entering was assembled.
    * Before the Congress, M. Huk Kemal in Istanbul. He was dismissed by M. Kemal resigned from the military profession. (7-8 July 1919)
    * National decisions, although Congress has a regional.
    * Mandate and was denied the first time in the Protectorate.
    * Within the national boundaries is about the integrity of the homeland.
    * For the first time mentioned the idea to form a government.
    * Birliştirilmiştir societies in Eastern Anatolia.
    * At the end of the Congress of Representative Committee formed.
    Sivas Congress (4 to 11 September 1919):
    * Istanbul Huk. And the Entente dv. Congress wanted to avoid, but never grew.
    * Erzurum Congress millileştirilmiştir decisions based on the same.
    * All national associations are united (in Anatolia and Rumeli MHC)
    * Will-i Milli has been decided to name a newspaper.
    * Mustafa Kemal became a national leader.
    * The number of members and powers of the Representative Committee was expanded.
    * Council of Ministers was asked to open.
    * At the end of the congress in Istanbul Huk. Relations with the cut.
    AMASYA INTERVIEW (20-22 September 1919):
    * Ferid Pasha government was established instead of falling, and Ali Riza Pasha wants to establish good relations with the Government on the Representation of Trustees, was performed.
    * Huk Office in Istanbul. Salih, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, President of the Representative of the Representation of Trustees, was performed.
    * Applied to a single article of the meeting the decisions taken in Istanbul, Ottoman Parliament was opened.
    * Office, Ontario Government, formally and legally recognize the existence of representation is important for the Board.
    ANKARA REPRESENTATION tribunal to arrive (27 December 1919):
    * Come to Ankara of Mustafa Kemal led the event, opened in Istanbul to follow more closely the work of the Assembly of Deputies.
    * Other reasons for choosing the center of Ankara, being safe, being with communication and transportation facilities, close proximity Western Front.
    National Pact (28 January 1920):
    * Ottoman Deputies Assembly Homeland grouped önergesyile Felah-i was adopted.
    * National Pact, that draws the boundaries of the homeland and in this country who do not accept the division, which determine the rights of Turkish citizens in terms of a peace agreement is a document will be applied.
    * National Pact was rejected with the capitulations.
    * National Pact, adopted in the House of Deputies of the Ottoman Erzurum and Sivas Congress maintained its decisions.
    * Ist Triple Alliance Pact as a result of national decisions. 'U occupied (Mar. 16, 1920).
    OPENING Turkish Grand National Assembly (23 April 1920):
    * Justification for the invasion of Istanbul and with the closure of the House of Deputies was opened.
    * The new Turkish State was founded with the opening of Parliament.
    * Mustafa Kemal was elected President.
    * The biggest power in the country, the Parliament decided that.
    * Collected on the legislative and executive authority.
    * That the Assembly stressed the temporary.
    * The Government has established a self within. Chairman of the Parliament at the same time the president of the government.
    * Representing the Board with the task of the opening of Parliament came to an end.
    * With the opening of Parliament provided the national will.
    GOVERNMENT rebellions against the Parliament:
    * Istanbul Hük.nin Mustafa Kemal and the Parliament's fatwa against the Şeyhülislamdan
    * Istanbul government of Mustafa Kemal execution proceedings
    * Istanbul Hük.nin M. Kemal and the Parliament about the smear campaign
    * National Assembly in the interests of the Entente States of powerlessness
    * Minorities land fragmentation efforts
    * Some of the regular Army troops to participate in National Forces istemeyişi
    * The presence and work of national struggle against the people.
    A-Istanbul government took it out directly Riots: Anzavur Uprising and the Disciplinary Forces (Army of the Caliphate) Uprising
    B-Agitprop Result Featured Riots: Bolu, Düzce, Trench, Adapazari Uprising, Yozgat, Afyon, Konya, Urfa (National Tribe) riots.
    C-Minority Riots: Pontusçu Greeks in Black Sea Region, released around the uprisings of the Armenians of Adana.
    D-Kuva-t Nationalist Riots: Regular Army did not want to join the Circassian, and Demirci Mehmet Efe Ethel riots released.
    * Cut off relations with the Istanbul government.
    * Infidelity-i land is removed from the Act.
    * Independence Tribunals was established.
    * Mufti of Ankara, Rifat Börekçi'den were fatwa in favor of the National Struggle.
    * National Forces was used to Unions. Accelerated transition to the regular Army.
    * To inform the public correctly established the Anatolian Agency.
    * Long drawn out war of independence, delayed acquisition of national struggle.
    * Greeks in Anatolia, had the opportunity to progress
    * Sister blood loss caused.
    * Suppression of the riots with the power and authority of Parliament have increased.

    The Turkish Revolution

    POLITICAL FIELD abolition:
    1 - Abolition of the Sultanate: November 1, 1922
    * Lausanne Treaty negotiations in Istanbul government invoked the Parliament and Government as well as the Ist. Hük.nin to accept it, çabuklaştırdı removal of the sultanate.
    * Parliament adopted the "National Sovereignty" in accordance with the principle had to be removed in the Sultanate.
    * Abolition of the Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire ended in law, have been taken a major step towards national sovereignty.
    2 - Proclamation of the Republic: October 29, 1923
    * Parliament "Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the nation" to accept the principle and the principle of legal justification for the declaration of the Republic, creates the idea, but can occur with the Republic.
    * Require the declaration of the Republic Other Causes Include:
    * State is not a form of the name and management,
    * President of the absence of authority
    * Assembly Government system defects.
    Fixed Issues with the declaration of the Republic:
    * State the name and type of administration were determined.
    * Any other form of government discussions have been terminated.
    * State Department resolved the problem.
    * Government to establish the shape was changed. (Cabinet System)
    NOTE: The first President of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal, became the first Prime Minister Ismet Pasha.
    3 - Abolition of the Caliphate: March 3, 1924
    Exceeds the powers of the last Caliph Abdulmecid Efendi, the reforms will be seen as an obstacle in front of the Caliphate, necessitated the removal.
    * With the abolition of the Caliphate has not gone the biggest obstacle moving to the Republic of Turkey's secular order.
    4-Turkey Administrative Teşkilatlandırılması again: 1921 and 1924 constitutions of Turkey and administratively divided into units of county-district-parish-village. Thus, to reach a balanced state services provided to all parts of the country.
    * 13 October 1923, Ankara, were performed. To be the center of Turkey, military and geographical aspects, and compliance required to be the capital of Ankara, Istanbul, the Ottoman Empire çağrıştırması.
    5 - Multi-Party Regime Tries:
    * Turkey's first political party, the Republican People's Party. (1923)
    * Turkey's first opposition party, the Progressive Republican Party. (1924) being seen to do with the Sheikh Said rebellion was closed in 1925.
    * Ataturk established during Ataturk's desire to end the party was established by Fethi Okyar Free Party (1930) in the same year the Republican Party was closed in the face of opponents of the party in danger of capture.
    Multi-Party of Life is Causing Failed Events:
    * Sheikh Said (East) Rebellion: 1925: The government changed for the suppression of this rebellion, tranquility Law of Motion-i was removed and the Independence Tribunals.
    * Mustafa Kemal Assassination Attempt: 1925
    * Menemen Event: 1930

    IN THE FIELD OF LAW abolition

    1 - Adoption of the Constitution: the new Turkish state's first constitution was adopted on January 20, 1921. The main feature of this constitution is that the legislative and executive powers to Parliament. The chapter on human rights and not form the state.
    * After the declaration of the Republic, according to the changing conditions and to complement the shortcomings of the old constitution, 20 04.1924 in the new constitution was adopted.
    2 - The Turkish Civil Code: the old civil code, the "Canonical" and the failure to comply with the requirements of the era on the basis of the Swiss Civil Code adopted in 1926 provided new rights for women, especially with edildi.Yeni Civil Law. Gender equality was achieved.
    3 - Other legislation: Law of the secular system was rearranged according to the rules, the new Trade, Debt and the Criminal Law was published.

    * Unification of Education Law was adopted on March 3, 1924. Thus, schools across the country connected to the Ministry of Education, education system, the diversity has been fixed, laikleştirildi.
    * In 1926, the Law on Organization of the Ministry of Education have been removed. Thus, primary and secondary education programs in accordance with the secular system were determined.
    * Mixed education was passed in 1927
    * 1 November 1928, was admitted to the new Turkish letters.
    * 24 November 1928, Lincoln "Chief Teacher" was declared.
    * Association was established in 1931, the Turkish history.
    * The Turkish Language Association was founded in 1932.

    Social Reforms
    * 30 November 1925, the lodge, and Zaviyes tomb was closed.
    * Clothing Revolution was launched 25 November 1925.
    * From 1 January 1926 has been switched to the Gregorian calendar.
    * International figures in 1928 were considered.
    * In 1931, the international weight and length measurements were considered.
    * June 21, 1934 Law on Family Names have been removed.
    * In 1934, religious garments worn by the men only about the legal regulation of religion was made.
    * In 1930, women were given the right to participate in Municipal Elections.
    * In 1933, women were given the right to participate Mukhtar Elections.
    * In 1934, women were given the right to participate Deputy Elections.

    Economy Reforms
    * Created on February 17, 1923 İzmir Economy Congress. The congress laid the foundations of the National Economy.
    * Tax abolished, and farmers are relieved Asar 1925.
    * Agricultural Credit Cooperatives established, encouraged cooperatives and agricultural mechanization.
    * The first private bank, the Bank was founded in 1924.
    * July 1, 1926 Cabotage Act was adopted. Thus, between the ship's operating rights limanlarımız passed to the Turks.
    * Incentive-i Industry Act was adopted in 1927.
    * The Central Bank was established in 1930.
    * Sumerbank was founded in 1933.
    * Five-Year Development Program from 1934 was performed.
    * To operate our mine better Etibank and Mineral Research and Exploration Institute was founded.
    * Karabük Iron and Steel Factory was established in 1939.
    * Railways nationalized and expanded the diameter of the country.

    The foundation of the Turkish Army in the Great Hun M.Ö.209 * Mete Khan, ruler of the present structure dates back to 1949 .* The Turkish Armed Forces has completed.
    * Main task of the Turkish Army to resist internal and external threats to the Republic of Turkey, to defend the principles of Ataturk.
    * TSK meet the needs of citizens and conduct military operations with the duty of the Ministry of National Defense.

    Ataturk Era Fixed Issues:
    * Mosul Problem: the Lausanne Treaty the Turkish-Ir**i border undetectable, the arbitration of the League of Nations was the problem with England çözümlenemeyince interviews. 5 June 1926 with the Ankara Agreement signed between Britain and Turkey to stay out of Mosul (against us), the current Turkish-Ir**i border were drawn.
    * Problem of the Straits: Straits Treaty of Lausanne, Turkey was left to the Commission chaired. This is Turkey's national sovereignty and the safety dropped. In the 1930s Germany, Italy and Japan, the world's rapidly arming and preparing a new war on Turkey to discuss the status of the Straits Commission meeting urged countries. 20 July 1936, the Montreux Convention, signed domination and control of the Straits with Turkey has passed. Silahlandırması Turkish Straits was adopted.
    * Hatay Issue: Andhra Pradesh, with France in 1921, with the lands left out of the Ankara Agreement, Lausanne Anl.da this situation had not changed. Syria wants to leave France in 1930 on the mandate of the re-güncelleşti Hatay. In 1938 became the independent state of Hatay, Turkey joined in 1939.
    Established by Ataturk Period Associations:
    * Balkan Pact: Germany and Italy's expansionist policy towards the Balkans to follow quickly on the arming and Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia and Romania was among the 9 February 1934.
    * Sadabad Pact: Italy's expansionist policy in the Middle East through Turkey, Iran, Ir** and Afghanistan was among the 8 July 1937.

    The Turkish nation to full independence, peace and prosperity of the Turkish culture, which aims to increase the level of contemporary civilization, the foundations established by Ataturk's ideas and principles is called Kemalism.
    * Republicanism: the sovereignty of the nation and the people that participate in the management principle is envisioning.
    * Nationalism: The Turkish nation, sincerely loving sublimation predicts.
    * Populism: equality before the law and public denial of any class, and class that envisages privilege principle.
    * Statism: The private sector is not sufficient economic life of the state envisages principle is disposed of.
    * Secularism: Religion and separated from each other state affairs, freedom of religion and conscience under the public service principle is to be envisioning.
    * Revolution: envisaging to provide continuity of preserving the principle is to adopt Ataturk's principles and revolutions.
    Ataturk principles COMMON FEATURES:
    * The needs of the Turkish society was born.
    * Ataturk's principles is a whole in itself.
    * Reasoning mind and is suitable. * Realistic, coherent and consistent.


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