Past Continuous Tense

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  1. karamelek

    karamelek Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    [WAS / WERE] + [VERB+ing]
    Auxiliary verbs: was - were

    EXAMPLES (ÖRNEKLER):

    I was studying lesson. (Ders çalışıyordum.)

    She was smoking when I saw her. (Onu gördüğümde sigara içiyordu.)

    They were drinking tea when I arrived. (Ben vardığımda çay içiyorlardı.)


    USE 1 Interrupted Action in the Past
    (Geçmişte yarıda kesilen eylemler)
    Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually an action in the Simple Past.

    Past Continuous Tense geçmişte yarıda kesilen uzun olayları anlatmak için kullanılır. Daha uzun olan eylemi yarıda kesen eylem genelde Simple Past tense ile ifade edilir.


    EXAMPLES:

    I was watching TV when she called. (O aradığında televizyon seyrediyordum.)

    When the phone rang, she was writing a letter. (Telefon çaldığında mektup yazıyordu.)

    While we were having a picnic, it started to rain. (Piknik yaparken yağmur yağmaya başladı.)

    Sally was working when Joe had the car accident. (Joe araba kazası geçirdiğinde Sally çalışıyordu.)

    While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car. (Dün gece John uyurken birisi arabasını çaldı.)


    USE 2 Specific Time as an Interruption
    (Geçmişte belirli bir zamanda yapılan eylem)

    In USE 1, described above, the Past Continuous is interrupted by an action in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.

    Birinci kullanımda geçmişte başka bir olayla kesilen eylemlerde Past Continuous Tense kullandığımızı söylemiştik. Bunun yanında geçmişte belirli bir anda yapılan eylemden bahsederken de Past Continuous Tense kullanılabilir.

    EXAMPLES:

    Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner. (Dün gece saat 6'da yemek yiyordum.)

    At midnight, we were still driving through the desert. (Geceyarısı hala çölde araç kullanıyorduk)

    DİKKAT!

    Simple Past Tense'de kullanılan zaman ifadeleri eylemin tam olarak başlama veya bitiş zamanını belirtir. Past Continuous Tense'de ise, belirtilen zaman eylemin başlangıcı veya bitişini değil, yalnızca o anda eylemin yapılmakta olduğunu belirtir.


    EXAMPLES:

    Last night at 6 p.m., I ate dinner. (Saat 6'da yemeye başladım.)

    Last night at 6 p.m., I was eating dinner. (Yemek yemeye daha önce başladım ve saat 6'da yemek süreci devam ediyordu.)


    USE 3 Parallel Actions
    (Paralel eylemler) When you use the Past Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel. İki eylemi aynı anda Past Continuous Tense ile kullandığımızda, belirtilen iki eylemin aynı anda yapıldığı fikri ortaya çıkar. Yani eylemler paraleldir.

    EXAMPLES:

    I was studying while he was making dinner.
    (O yemeği hazırlarken ben ders çalışıyordum)

    While Ellen was reading, Tim was watching television.
    (Ellen kitap okurken Tim televizyon seyrediyordu.)

    They were eating dinner, discussing their plans and having a good time.
    (Yemek yiyor, planları hakkında tartışıyor ve iyi vakit geçiriyorlardı.)

    USE 4 Atmosphere
    (Atmosfer) In English we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere in the past.

    (İngilizce'de genelde geçmişteki bir havayı (atmosferi) tasvir etmek için bir dizi eylemi arka arkaya kullanırız.

    EXAMPLE:

    When I walked into the office, several people were busily typing, some were talking on the phones, the boss was yelling directions, and customers were waiting to be helped. One customer was yelling at a secretary and waving his hands. Others were complaining to each other about the bad service.
    Ofise geldiğimde birkaç insan meşgul bir şekilde daktilo kullanıyor, bazıları telefonda konuşuyor, patron emirler yağdırıyor ve müşteriler yardım için bekliyorlardı. Müşterinin biri sekretere bağırıyor ve ellerini sallıyordu. Diğerleri birbirlerine kötü hizmetten yakınıyorlardı.

    TIME EXPRESSIONS PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Time expressions zaman belirten ifadelerdir ve İngilizce'de her zaman için farklı ifadeler kullanılır. Özellikle sınavlarda cümlenin hangi tense olduğunu anlamak için time expression'ların bilinmesi çok önemlidir.

    while - as

    I saw him while he was driving. (Onu araba sürerken gördüm.)
    They helped me as I was carrying some heavy bags. (Bazı ağır çantaları taşırken bana yardım ettiler.)
    she's, Moderatör Gizem, ayşe nu ve diğer 2 kişi bunu beğendi.
  2. karamelek

    karamelek Özel Üye Özel Üye

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    Use Of The Past Continuous Tense

    a) The past continuous tense geçmişte belirli bir zamanda devam etmekte olan bir eylemi ifade eder.

    ? At this time last week we were lying on the beach.
    ? My father was working in the garage so he didn't hear the telephone when I called him yesterday.
    ? I took my car to the mechanic yesterday because it wasn?t working properly.
    ? Sorry, I wasn't listening. Can you say it again please?
    ? What were you doing at 8 o'clock yesterday?
    ? Why were you talking to John when I saw you in the cafeteria yesterday?
    ? I went home early yesterday. Mon was still cooking the dinner.

    b) Past continuous tense,simple past tense ile kullanıldığında, bir eylem devam ederken, diğer bir eylemin de olduğunu ifade eder.. Aşağıdaki örneklerin her birinde, the basit eylem (past simple) daha uzun bir eylemin (past continuous) tam ortasında gerçekleşir.

    ? You phoned while I was having a bath.
    ? When I got home yesterday, a cat was sitting on the roof.
    ? It started to rain just as we were getting ready to have our picnic.
    ? The boy was standing on the table when the principal came into the room.
    ? Many people were shopping in the market when the bomb exploded.
    ? When I went to bed last night the sun was already beginning to rise.
    ? It was lucky we weren't sitting under that tree when the lightning hit.
    ? What were you doing when the lights went off last night?
    ? Were you watching me when I showed you how to do it?
    ? How fast was she driving when she had the accident?

    Using Time Clauses in Past Continuous Tense

    When - While - As

    a) while,when,as ,time clause( zaman cümleciği) daki eylem continuous yapıda iken kullanılır..

    When
    While I was walking down the street, I saw an old friend of mine.
    As

    b) while and as time clause( zaman cümleciği) daki eylem simple past ise asla kullanılmaz.

    INCORRECT: While I came home, my sister was talking on the phone.
    INCORRECT: As I came home, my sister was talking on the phone.
    she's, Mehmet Yurt, serdars ve diğer 3 kişi bunu beğendi.
  3. sementa.38

    sementa.38 Üye

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    * Past Continuous Tense, geçmiş zamanda belli bir süre içinde yapılan olayları anlatmak için kullanılmaktadır. Şimdiki zaman nasıl ki, şu an yapılan olayları anlatıyorsa, past continuous ta geçmişte anlatmaktadır. KUral olarak iki zaman birbirinden çok farklı değildir. Sadece past continuous tense te, geçmiş zaman yardımcı fillerini kullanmamız gerekmektedir.
    - Geçmiş zamanda kullanılan yardımcı filler :
    was
    were dü.
    - Şimdiki zamanda cümle oluşturmak ise şu şekilde olmaktaydı:
    He is drinking milk (O süt içiyor.)
    They are waiting for bus. (Onlar otobüs bekliyor.)
    - Şimdiki zamandaki bu cümleleri geçmiş zamandaki sürekli zamana yani past continuous a çevirmek istediğimizde sadece yardımcı fiilleri değiştirmemiz yeterli olacaktır:
    - He was drinking milk. (O, süt içiyordu.)
    - They were drinking milk. (Onlar süt içiyordu.)

    - I was watching television at 9 o"clock last evening. (Dün akşam 9da televizyon izliyordum.)
    - My mother was cooking dinner at 4 o"clock yesterday. (Annem dün 4te yemek pişiriyordu.)
    - John and Tina were going to the cinema last weekend.(John ve Tina geçen haftasonu sinemaya gidiyordu.)
    - Children were jumping rope in the garden. (Çocuklar bahçede ip atlıyordu.)
    - He was listening to music. (O müzik dinliyordu.)
    - My grandfather was watching television. (Dedem, televizyon izliyordu.)
    - Laura was watering the flowers. (Laura bahçeyi suluyordu.)
    - My uncle and Mr. Floyd were playing tennis on Saturday. (Amcam ve Bay Floyd cumartesi günü tenis oynuyordu.)




    THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE



    a. Use:
    The Past Continuous tense is used to express continuous actions which took place in the past.
    --> He was traveling in Europe last summer.
    --> They were playing tennis yesterday afternoon.

    The Past Continuous tense is frequently used to refer to an ongoing action which was taking place when something else occurred in the past.
    --> I was washing the dishes when the telephone rang.
    --> We were entertaining friends when the parcel arrived.

    In the first example, the use of the Past Continuous tense indicates that the action of washing the dishes was taking place at the time when the telephone rang. In the second example, the use of the Past Continuous tense indicates that the action of entertaining friends was taking place at the time when the parcel arrived.

    b. Formation:

    The Past Continuous tense is formed from the Simple Past of the auxiliary to be, followed by the present participle of the verb. For example, the Past Continuous of the verb to work is conjugated as follows:


    I was sleeping
    you were sleeping
    he was sleeping
    she was sleeping
    it was sleeping
    we were sleeping
    they were working



    c. +/- /? Statements:

    As is the case with other English tenses, questions and negative statements in the Past Continuous are formed using the auxiliary.

    Questions are formed by placing the auxiliary before the subject. For example:

    Affirmative Statement Question
    I was working. Was I working?
    They were working. Were they working?

    Negative statements are formed by placing the word not after the
    auxiliary. For example:

    Affirmative Statement Negative Statement
    I was working. I was not working.
    They were working. They were not working.

    In spoken English, the contractions wasn't and weren't are often used.

    Negative questions are formed by placing the auxiliary before the subject, and the word not after the subject. However, when contractions are used, the contracted form of not immediately follows the auxiliary. The following are examples of negative questions with and without contractions:

    Without Contractions With Contractions
    Was I not working? Wasn't I working?
    Were they not working? Weren't they working?


    she's ve Miao Liang bunu beğendi.
  4. burcu tosun

    burcu tosun Üye

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    :rolleyes::shy:
    hiç birşey anlamadım
    :rolleyes:
    Yasemin ßüşra bunu beğendi.
  5. Miao Liang

    Miao Liang Üye

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    thanks you :)

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